Livestock

The development of the overall agro and livestock sector is Angola’s key priority and a strategic objective for the diversification of the Angolan economy.

Livestock production has been into practice for the locals since ages.

  • The region’s climatic condition is a favourable factor for a variety of livestock.
  • Livestock contributes to around 12% of the country’s GDP
  • Much of the rural population is directly involved in livestock production.
  • The main livestock encompasses of Chicken, cattle, pigs, goats and sheep

The livestock sector has a large subsistence, especially among the nomadic population in the Southern region.

  • Men are the predominant actors in the livestock sector, especially for large stock such as cattle.
  • Women play a major role in the rearing of short-cycle livestock such as small ruminants and poultry.

The livestock sector has demonstrated significant growth in production.

S.No. Livestock Production in the year 2017/2018
1. Beef 22,161 tonnes
2. Goat meat/ sheep 117,185tonnes
3. Chicken 27,192tonnes
4. Pork 4,263tonnes
5. Eggs 1,119,058 thousand units
6. Milk 3,575 thousand litres

Commended with fertile lands and abundant inland water resources, the potential of Angola in terms of livestock is immense. The livestock potential of the country is untapped and yet to be explored. Thus, the future witnesses a steep increase in economic activities centred around livestock development which when achieved would result in social upliftment because of implementing efficient practices in the livestock sector.

Angola is all set for a livestock revolution as there is evident growth in the demand for livestock, poultry and pig production which would predominantly cater to the local market needs.

The government has given serious attention to the growth and development of the Livestock sector. Expansion and extension services are one of the strategies to be implemented in the upcoming Growth and Transformation Plan.

Development of livestock sector will have a positive impact through;

  • growth of local industries,
  • creation of employment opportunities for young people
  • increasing income for livestock producers
  • and growth in the economy of the country

Republic of Angola has structured programmes in their National development planaimed at ensuring sustained growth in the Livestock production resulting in a considerable increase in production of meat, eggs and milk in line with the health and quality standards, within international parameters.

The programme also aims at

  • creating surpluses for export
  • prevention, control and eradication of animal and zoonotic diseases
  • development of infrastructure
  • encouraging research activities in the field of genetic improvement, food nutrition and animal health
  • best practices for animal husbandry and technology transfer

Processed products such as meat in different forms are used in producing ready to cook food products and as inputs in hotel industries for preparing food items like sausages.

Egg powder is used in food and nutraceutical industries.

In 2018, the pork sub-sector drastically grew at the rate of 177% in comparison to the production in 2017, thereby showing huge potential for development.

The National Development Plan has formulated the following priority actions to promote the Livestock sector in Angola

  • Formulate the National Livestock Policy
  • Identify and map the livestock production units
  • Conduct research for the genetic improvement of species
  • Encourage food and nutritional improvement of animals
  • Provide veterinary and zootechnical assistance to producers
  • Strengthen animal vaccination, ensure epidemiological surveillance and control the stray dog population
  • Promote the commercialization of livestock production by supporting the creation of own infrastructure and training of producers and specialized technicians
  • Promote access to credit and livestock insurance with credit institutions and insurers
  • Implement a subsidy for agricultural fuels

An area of 1.02 hectares has been allocated for Livestock development in the proposed Agricultural Transformation Centre.  The Livestock Service Centre as a part of Agricultural Transformation Centre, will serve to be a one-stop facility meant to enhance the productivity of small and medium-scale livestock producers.